If COVID-19 is spreading in your community, please take some simple precautions to ensure safety, such as keeping your distance, wearing a mask, keeping the room well ventilated, avoiding crowds, cleaning your hands, bending your elbows when coughing, or covering with a tissue.
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04:01 PM 20 Apr, 2021
How to keep yourself and others away from COVID-19
Keep at least 1 meter away from others to reduce the risk of infection when they cough, sneeze or talk. When indoors, keep a greater distance from others. The farther the better. Make wearing a mask the norm when you have other people around you. The correct use, storage, and cleaning or handling of masks is the key to maintaining their effectiveness. The following is the basic method of wearing a mask: Clean your hands before putting on the mask, before and after removing the mask, and every time you touch the mask. Make sure that the mask covers your mouth, nose and chin. When removing the mask, please store it in a clean plastic bag. If it is a fabric mask, wash it every day or throw the medical mask in the trash. Do not use masks with valves. For more information about when to wear which mask, please refer to our Q&A and watch our video. There is also a question and answer focusing on masks and children. Watch or read this interview to learn more about the science of how COVID-19 infects people and how the body responds. For specific suggestions made by decision-makers, please refer to WHO's technical guidelines.
An important way to slow down the spread
Wearing a mask that covers your mouth and nose can help protect yourself and others.
Keep a distance of 6 feet from non-residents.
If you have the opportunity, you should get the COVID-19 vaccine.
Avoid crowded and poorly ventilated indoor spaces.
Wash your hands often with soap and water. If soap and water are not available, use hand sanitizer.
Wear a mask
Everyone aged 2 years and older should wear a mask in public places. In addition to maintaining a distance of at least 6 feet, you should also wear a mask, especially when you are with people who do not live with you. If someone in the household is infected, everyone in the household should take precautions, including wearing a mask, to avoid spreading it to others. Wash your hands or use hand sanitizer before wearing a mask. Wear a mask to cover your nose and mouth and fix it under your chin. Attach the mask to both sides of the face, put ear hooks on your ears, or tie a rope behind your head. If you have to adjust the mask frequently, it means that the mask may not be suitable, and you may need to look for other types or brands of masks. Make sure you can breathe normally. Effective February 2, 2021, entering the U.S. through planes, buses, trains, and other types of public transportation, traveling within the U.S. or leaving the U.S., and in U.S. public transportation hubs (such as airports and stations) require masks.
Keep 6 feet away from others
At home: Avoid close contact with patients. If possible, maintain a distance of 6 feet from the patient and other family members. Outside the home: Keep a distance of 6 feet from non-residents. Please keep in mind that some people who have no symptoms may also spread the virus. Keep at least 6 feet (approximately 2 arm length) away from others. Keeping distance from others is especially important for people at high risk of severe illness.
An authorized COVID-19 vaccine can help protect you from COVID-19. If you have the opportunity, you should get the COVID-19 vaccine. After the full dose is vaccinated, you can start to do things that have stopped due to the epidemic.
Avoid crowded and poorly ventilated places
Being in a crowd (such as a restaurant, bar, fitness center, or movie theater) puts you at a higher risk of COVID-19.Try to avoid indoor spaces without fresh outdoor air circulation. If you are indoors, if possible, open doors and windows to let in fresh air.
Wash your hands frequently
Wash your hands often with soap and water for no less than 20 seconds, especially after you go in or out of public places, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. Especially important handwashing moments: Before eating or cooking before touching the face after going to the toilet after leaving a public placeAfter blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing after processing the mask after changing the diaper after taking care of the patient after touching animals or petsIf soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer with an alcohol content of at least 60%. Apply it to your hands and rub them together until they are dry. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, and nose with unwashed hands.
Cover nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing
If you wear a mask: You can cough or sneeze into the mask. Then put on a clean new mask as soon as possible and wash your hands. If you are not wearing a mask:
When coughing or sneezing, you should always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or the inside of your elbow, and do not spit.
Throw used tissues in the trash can.
Wash hands immediately with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are difficult to obtain, use a hand sanitizer with an alcohol content of at least 60% to clean your hands.
Cleaning and disinfection
Clean high-frequency contact surfaces every day, including desktops, door handles, light switches, countertops, armrests, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks. If someone is sick or tested positive for COVID-19, disinfect surfaces that you touch frequently. Use EPA's list N: Coronavirus (COVID-19) disinfectant external icon for household disinfectant products and follow the manufacturer's label instructions. If there are stains on the surface, clean the surface with detergent or soap and water before disinfecting.
Monitor your health every day
Watch out for symptoms. Watch out for fever, cough, shortness of breath, or other symptoms of COVID-19. This is especially important if you are dealing with necessary tasks, going to an office or workplace, or in places where it may be difficult to maintain a distance of 6 feet. If symptoms occur, check your body temperature. Do not check your body temperature within 30 minutes after exercise or after taking acetaminophen and other drugs that may lower your body temperature. If symptoms worsen, follow CDC guidelines.
I want to share with you some tips and best practices to take the necessary precautions to protect yourself and others.
Wash your hands regularly: Get in the habit of washing your hands frequently, for at least 20 seconds with soap and water, especially after sneezing, blowing your nose, coughing or being in a public place. Otherwise, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol and rub your hands until they feel dry.
Avoid close contact with other people: Even inside your home, try to stay 6 feet away from sick people and everyone else. When you go out, avoid groups, crowded places, and mass gatherings. This is particularly important if you have a higher risk of getting seriously ill.
Avoid touching your face: If you touch your nose, eyes, and mouth with unwashed hands, you could become infected with the virus. One recommendation is to cover your face with something in case you forget not to touch yourself.
Remember to wear a cloth mask or cover: Cloth face cover and masks are meant to protect other people in case you are infected. Everyone, sick or not, should wear a mask or cloth face covering when going out in public, for example, to the grocery store or to work. (Exception: masks should not be placed on people who have trouble breathing, small children under 2 years of age, or people who cannot remove the mask without assistance.)
Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces: This should be done on a daily basis. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, telephones, keyboards, computers, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
Watch for symptoms: Every family in the home should have a digital thermometer to measure their temperature every day if symptoms occur. Don't take your temperature within 30 minutes of exercising or after taking medications that could lower your temperature, such as acetaminophen. Also, you should be on the lookout for a cough, shortness of breath, or other symptoms of COVID-19.
How to protect yourself and others
Important steps to slow the spread
• Wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth to protect yourself and others.
• Stay 6 feet away from people who do not live with you.
• Get the COVID-19 vaccine when it is available to you.
• Avoid crowds and poorly ventilated indoor spaces.
• Wash your hands frequently with soap and water.
Use hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.
Wear a mask
• Everyone 2 years of age and older should wear masks in public.
• Masks should be worn in addition to maintaining a distance of at least 6 feet, especially if you are with people who do not live with you.
• If a member of your household becomes infected, the rest of the members of your household should take precautions, such as the use of masks, to avoid transmitting the virus to others.
• Wash your hands or use a hand sanitizer before putting on the mask.
• Wear the mask in such a way that it covers your nose and mouth, and secures it under your chin.
• Fit the mask against the sides of your face with the straps behind your ears or tie the ties behind your head.
• If the mask has to be adjusted constantly, it means that it does not fit correctly and you may need to look for another type or brand of the mask.
• You must be able to breathe easily.
As of February 2, 2021, the use of masks is mandatory on airplanes, buses, trains, and other forms of public transportation arriving or departing from the United States and circulating within the country and in transportation hubs in the United States. such as airports and stations.
Keep a distance of 6 feet from others
- If possible, keep a distance of 6 feet between the sick person and other members of your household.
- Remember that some people who do not have symptoms can spread the virus.- Keep a distance of at least 6 feet (about 2 arms outstretched) from other people.- Keeping a distance from others is especially important for people who are at higher risk of becoming seriously ill.
• Licensed COVID-19 vaccines can help protect you from COVID-19.
• You should get the COVID-19 vaccine when it is available to you.
• After completing the vaccination, you can resume some of the activities you stopped doing because of the pandemic.
Avoid large crowds and poorly ventilated spaces
• Being in crowded spaces such as restaurants, bars, gyms, or movie theaters increases your risk of COVID-19.
• If possible, avoid closed spaces where there is no circulation of fresh air from outside.
• If you are indoors, open doors and windows to let in the fresh air, if possible.
Wash your hands frequently
• Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after being in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
• It is extremely important that you wash:-
Before eating or preparing food- Before touching your face- After going to the bathroom- After leaving public places- After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing- After handling your mask- After changing diapers- After caring for a sick person- After touching animals or pets
• If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover the entire surface of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth without first washing your hands.